USEFUL INFORMATION

USEFUL SHIPPING INFORMATION

If you would like more information on shipping then please read our Useful Shipping Guide below.

Shipping help guide
Useful Shipping Information Guide

Air Waybill - A a non-negotiable agreement between an air carrier and a shipper for the transportation of passengers by air.

All-Risk Insurance - The broadest type of protection offered, offering defence against any risk of physical loss or damage from any outside source. does not protect against loss or damage brought on by delays, inherent vices, insufficient packaging, or lost markets.

BAF (Bunker Adjustment Factor) - A reduction in transportation costs to account for fuel price variations. Likewise referred to as a Bunker Surcharge (B/S). Fuel storage tanks aboard a ship are referred to as bunkers.

Bill of Lading (B/L) - A document issued by a common carrier to a shipper that serves as:

A receipt for the goods delivered to the carrier for shipment. A definition of the contract of carriage of the goods.

A Document of Title to the goods described therein.
This document is generally not negotiable unless consigned "to order."
Bill of Lading, On Board - A bill of lading acknowledging that the relative goods have been received on board a specified vessel.

Bill of Lading, Order - A negotiable bill of lading. There are two types:

A bill drawn to the order of a foreign consignee, enabling him to endorse the bill to a third party.
A bill of lading drawn to the order of the shipper and endorsed by him either "in blank" or to a named consignee. The purpose of the latter bill is to protect the shipper against the buyer's obtaining the merchandise before he has paid or accepted the relative draft.
Bonded Warehouse - A warehouse authorized by customs for storage of goods on which payment of duties is deferred until the goods are removed.

Break-bulk Vessel - a ship built to transport enormous or massive cargo, typically unfit for storage in containers.

Bulk Cargo - direct loading of loose cargo into a ship's hold.

Bulk Carrier - The dry-bulk carrier and the liquid-bulk carrier, more commonly referred to as a tanker, are the two different types of bulk carriers. A shipment that is not packaged, bundled, bottled, or otherwise packed and that is loaded without counting or marking is referred to as bulk freight.

CAD (Cash Against Documents) - A means of paying for items wherein the buyer receives title-transferring documentation after paying cash to a middleman working on the seller's behalf.

CAF (Currency Adjustment Factor) - A carrier's addition to the freight rate intended to cover currency exchange rate fluctuations.

Cargo Insurance - Insurance to safeguard the cargo owner's financial interests in the case of a loss during transit.

Carnet - A a customs document that allows the holder to temporarily convey or transport goods into specific other nations without having to pay taxes or post bonds. To avoid fines, all items travelling on a Carnet must be brought back to the nation of origin.

Carrier - Anybody who, by a contract of carriage, promises to perform or obtain the performance of transportation by land, air, sea, or inland canal.

Certificate of Manufacture - A document used in conjunction with a letter of credit that contains an affidavit stating that items have been produced and are being held for the buyer's account and risk.

Certificate of Origin - A document used in conjunction with a letter of credit that contains an affidavit stating that items have been produced and are being held for the buyer's account and risk.

CFS (Container Freight Station) - The site designated by carriers for the reception of cargo before it is loaded into containers by the carrier is referred to as the CFS at loading port. The word "CFS" refers to the bonded location set aside by carriers for devanning of containerized cargo at discharge or destination ports.

CFS/CFS (Pier to Pier) - When cargo is transported in less-than-containerload quantities to a container freight station (CFS) for loading into containers and unloading from the containers at the destination CFS, this is referred to as CFS/CFS.

CFS Charge (Container Freight Station Charge) - The fee charged for services rendered at the origin or destination for the purpose of loading or unloading cargo into or out of containers at a CFS.

CFS Receiving Services - The service performed at the loading port in receiving and packing cargo into containers from CFS to CY or shipside. 

Chargeable Weight - When the dimensional weight factor exceeds the actual weight of the cargo, the rate for airfreight goods will be higher.

Charter - Formerly referred to a flight when a shipper hired an aircraft from an airline, but it has now come to signify any commercial operation that is not scheduled.

Chassis - A rectangular steel frame with wheeled axles and springs that may attach containers for over-the-road transportation.

CIA (Cash in Advance) - A technique of paying for products in which the buyer pays the supplier before the goods are shipped.

Classification - A way of determining the proper tariff number in a customs tariff for the purposes of duty and admissibility.

Combination Vessels - a ship design that can transport both break-bulk and containers. It can either be unable to sustain itself or not. A container/break-bulk vessel is also known as that.

Commercial Invoice - An invoice that serves as a receipt for a transaction and/or the items acquired and names the sender, seller, and the receiver, buyer. An itemised list of the items, complete with their description, unit price, and extended total worth, should be included on a commercial invoice. There may be extra requirements, statements, or clauses that must be included as well, depending on the Customs rules of the destination country.

Conference - In order to determine freight prices, a group of ship owners came together.

Confirmed Letter of Credit -

Consignee - The person or business that receives goods from a seller or shipper and is acknowledged as the owner of the goods for the purpose of declaring and paying customs duties upon presentation of required documentation.

Consignor - A phrase used to designate anyone who, in a bill of lading or comparable document, consigns goods to himself or to another party. A freight forwarder who consigns goods on behalf of his principal or the owner of the goods is both examples of consignors.

Consolidated Shipment - An approach to shipping whereby a representative (such as a freight forwarder or consolidator) aggregates several shippers' consignments into a single shipment sent to a destination agent in exchange for favourable prices. (Also known as "groupage" The destination agent then breaks down the consolidation into its individual component consignments and makes it available to consignees. Shippers can receive better rates through consolidation than they otherwise could.

Consolidator - An agent that groups several shipments for one destination in order to be eligible for preferential pricing.

Consular Documents - Special documents stamped by the consulate of the nation the cargo is headed towards.

Consular Invoice - A document that describes a shipment of commodities and includes details such the consignor, consignee, and amount of the shipment is needed by several nations. A consular invoice is used by the nation's customs officials to confirm the value, quantity, and nature of the consignment. It has been certified by a consular officer.

Date Draft - A draft that matures without regard to the date of acceptance in a certain amount of days after issuance.

DDC - Destination Delivery Charge.

DDP (Delivered Duty Paid) - Also known as "free domicile" or "free house."

DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid) - This reflects the emergence of "door-to-door" intermodal or courier contracts or carriage where only the destination customs duty and taxes (if any) are paid by consignee.

Dead Freight - Freight fees paid by a vessel's charterer for the reserved capacity that is only partially occupied.

Deck Cargo - Carrying cargo on deck as opposed to storing it under deck. For some commodities, like explosives, on-deck carriage is necessary.

Demurrage - A fine for going over the allotted amount of time to load or unload at a pier or freight terminal. Charges for unjustified holding up of carriers or transportation tools when loading or unloading in ports are also possible.

Density - Weight units per unit of volume.

Dim Weight (Dimensional Weight) - The results of determining the chargeable weight from the cubic measurement of a consignment are referred to by this airfreight phrase.

Draft - a written instruction that is given without conditions from one party (the Drawer) to another (the Drawee), directing the Drawee to pay a specific sum to a specific Drawer on presentation or at a specific date.

Drawee - the person or business on whom a draft is drawn and who owes the drawer the specified sum.

EDI or EDIFACT (Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport) - This set of standards, which come from the United Nations-backed electronic data interchange standards committee, are used to describe data sets in specific documents so they can be standardized for electronic transfer from one format to another.

Endorsement in Blank

An endorsement in blank, which is frequently used on bank checks, is a bearer endorsement. It merely lists the endorser's name and makes no mention of the payee.
A typical way of attesting to the shipper's order on bills of lading. The bills have the following support:
Export License: A legal document obtained from the government allowing a shipper to export a given amount of a certain commodity to a particular nation. When an export is restricted by the government, an export licence is frequently needed.

Export Trading Company - A company or other business entity set up and run largely for the aim of exporting products or services to other businesses or offering export-related services to them.

FCL - Full Container Load, Full Car Load.

Federal Maritime Commission (FMC) - The U.S. Federal agency responsible for overseeing Ocean Carriers, Conferences, NVOCC's and Ocean Freight Forwarders (now called OTI's - Ocean Transportation Intermediaries) at ocean ports and inland waterways.

Feeder Vessel - A ship that joins a line vessel in order to reach ports that the line vessel does not regularly visit.

FEU - (Forty foot equivalent) usually used to refer to the price of two 20-foot ocean containers when discussing ocean freight rates.

FIATA - International Federation of Freight Forwarders Associations.

Flag Carrier - A national registration airline or vessel whose government grants it a partial or complete monopoly over international routes.

Flat Bed Chassis - A semi-trailer without sides or tops, only a level bed. The distance between the ground and the floor is average.

Flat Rack - A platform that can be used to transport big cargo on container ships. It often has removable or adjustable bulkheads at the front and back and may be loaded from the sides and the top.

Force Majeure - The name of a common clause found in maritime treaties that exempts the parties from fulfilling their duties due to unavoidable circumstances, such as earthquakes, floods, or war.

Foreign Trade Zone (FTZ) - A port that the government has authorised for the duty-free importation of any non-prohibited products. Within the zone, goods may be manufactured, stored, displayed, and exported again without paying customs. Only when the original goods or products made from those goods leave the zone and enter a region of the country under the control of customs are duties applied. Also known as a free trade area.

Foreign Trade Zone Entry -  A declaration form for commodities that are carried duty-free into a foreign trade zone for storage or additional processing before being exported from the zone into the commerce of another country.

Forwarder, Freight Forwarder, Foreign Freight Forwarder - An independent company that transports shipments for exporters in exchange for payment. The company might specialise or ship through land, air, or water. Typically, it takes care of every service associated with an export shipment, including paperwork preparation, cargo space reservations, warehousing, pier delivery, and export clearance. Additionally, the company may manage banking and insurance services on the client's behalf.

Free Out (FO) - The charterer is responsible for paying the ship's unloading expenses.

Free Port - A port that is a Foreign Trade Zone and is accessible to all traders equally, or more particularly, a port where goods may be kept duty-free while awaiting re-export or sale inside that nation.

GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) - A multilateral agreement designed to encourage tariff concessions and lower trade barriers.

Gross Weight (GR Wt./GW ) - The whole weight of a shipment, including the packaging and containers.

Harmonized Code - A method of categorising things that is universally acknowledged and used for statistical, statistical analysis, and other applications.

Harmonized System (HS) - A crucial clause of the international commerce act that went into effect on January 1, 1989, and which provided global standardisation for classifying products travelling across borders under a single commodity code.

Hi (or High) Cube - Any container that is taller than 102 inches.

House Air Waybill - A bill of lading from an air freight consolidator.

IATA - International Air Transport Association.

ICAO (International Civil Aviation Organization) - A department of the UN with its main office in Montreal. It encourages the broad advancement of civil aviation, including safety protocols, contract agreements, and aircraft design and operation.

ICC (International Chamber of Commerce) - A non-governmental organisation that promotes global business policy.

Igloo - A structural container with contours used on main decks of narrow body aeroplanes.

Import License - A document issued by nations with import restrictions that allows the importation of the items listed in the licence and frequently authorises and/or releases the monies needed to pay for the importation.

In-Bond - A word used to describe cargo that hasn't received customs clearance to enter a country's commerce.

INCOTERMS - The set of international guidelines for consistently interpreting common contract provisions in global trade. They were developed in collaboration with numerous international organisations, contain the most recent modifications, and ought to be utilised only.

Inducement - When steamship lines include the words "by enticement" in parentheses after the name of a port in its timetables, it signifies the ship will only dock there provided there is an adequate supply of profitable cargo available and scheduled.

Inland Carrier - A mode of transportation that transports import and export commodities between ports and inland locations.

Inspection Certificate - A document certifying to the fact that goods were in good condition or met particular requirements just before shipping.

Integrated Carrier - a forwarder that doesn't rely on scheduled flights and instead employs its own aircraft, whether it's owned or leased.

Interline - A deal reached by airlines to connect their network of routes.

Intermodal - This describes the ability to go from a ship to a railway to a truck or something similar. The ability to handle containers across various forms of transportation is often referred to by the phrase.

ISO 9000 - A number of international quality standards that are voluntary.

Joint Venture - A type of business partnership where firms, sometimes located in separate countries, share risks and profits and operate the business together.

Just in Time (JIT) - The production and inventory control principle according to which items are delivered when they are required for production or use.

Knot, Nautical - One nautical mile is equal to 6,080.20 feet per hour, or 1.85 kilometres per hour.

L/C – Letter of Credit

LCL - Less than Container Load; Less than Car load.

L&D - Loss and Damage.

Legal Weight - The combined weight of the product and any immediate packaging or wrapping that is sold with the product, such as the combined weight of a tin can and its contents.

Less than Truckload (LTL) - Rates that apply when the volume or truckload minimum weight is not met by the amount of freight.

Letter of Credit (L/C) - A document issued by a bank on the buyer's behalf that permits the seller to withdraw a specific amount of money under certain conditions. issued with or without revocation.

Letter of Credit, Confirmed - A letter of credit that guarantees payment to the seller as long as the seller's paperwork is in order and the letter of credit's conditions are met, from both the issuing and advising institutions.

Lighter - A crane-equipped open or covered barge being pulled by a tugboat used primarily in inland waterways and harbors.

Liner - The term "line traffic," which refers to travel along predetermined routes according to predetermined, set schedules, is where the word "liner" originates. Thus, a vessel that performs this type of transportation—which typically entails the haulage of general goods as opposed to bulk cargo—is referred to as a liner.

Load Factor - Utilized capacity as a percentage of the available capacity.

Logistics Management - The management of the physical transportation of commodities from supply sites to the point of sale, as well as the transfer and storage of those goods at numerous intermediate storage locations, in an efficient and economical manner.

Lo/Lo (Lift-On/Lift-Off) - Refers to the process of loading and unloading cargo from an ocean vessel, in this instance using a crane.

LTL – Less than truck load.

Manifest - A list of the items that a carrier is transporting.

Measurement Ton - The measuring tonne, often called a cargo tonne or freight tonne, is a unit of volume that typically measures 40 cubic feet or one square metre. Each 40 cubic feet or one cubic metre of cargo is charged at a specific tariff.

MERCOSUR - A trade alliance between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, with Chile and Bolivia as associate members.

M/T or Metric Ton - 1000 Kilos.

NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) - A free trade agreement comprising the U.S.A, Canada and Mexico.

National Carrier - A flag carrier that the government owns or controls.

Net Terms - Free of charters' commission.

Net Weight (Actual Net Weight) - The weight of the items / goods themselves with no strapping / wrapping.

Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier (NVOCC) - An FMC-Iicensed cargo consolidator of cargoes in ocean trade is known by this name in the US. They often arrange for or carry out consolidation and containerization functions. NVOCCs operate under distinct regulations in trade lanes that do not involve the United States of America, therefore official licencing may not be necessary.

NOS - Not Otherwise Specified.

NT - Net Tons.

NVOCC – Non Vessel Operating Common Carrier

OD - Outside Diameter.

Open Account - A commerce agreement wherein items are transferred to a foreign customer without a formal written proof of debt, such as a note, L/C, or other document guaranteeing payment.

Open Policy - A cargo insurance policy that is an open contract; for instance, it offers protection for all goods in transit for a set amount of time within a given geographic trading region. Since individual shipments are not required to be reported, it is known as a "open" system. Various rules have different requirements for aggregated or summary reporting.

O/R - Owner's Risk.

Part Charter - When a segment of an airline's regularly scheduled flight is offered for sale as a separate charter. is frequently mispronounced as a synonym for divided charter.

Part Load Charter - When a portion of an aircraft's load is unloaded at one location and another. This is different from a split charter, which transports many consignments to the same location. Most countries' policies treat inbound component cargoes as single entity charters.

Particular Average (PA) - Partial loss or damage to goods.

Perils of the Sea - Unforeseen mishaps or casualties specific to maritime transportation, such as sinking, vessel collision, striking a submerged item, or coming into contact with extreme weather or other unique natural phenomena.

Perishables - Any shipment whose value decreases significantly as a result of transportation delays. Fresh fruit and vegetables are typically meant by this.

Phytosanitary Inspection Certificate - A document issued by the department of agriculture of an exporting nation attesting to the inspection and absence of dangerous pests and plant diseases in a shipment.

Pilferage - The phrase "petty theft" as used in maritime insurance plans refers to the taking of little components of a shipment as opposed to the theft of an entire shipment or major unit. Many standard marine insurance policies don't cover theft, so this coverage must be added to the policy if it is desired.

Port Marks - An identifying group of letters, numbers, or geometrical patterns placed on export shipments after the name of the final port of destination. It's possible that port mark regulations from foreign governments will be extremely rigorous.

Port of Discharge - A port where merchandise is discharged from a vessel and offloaded.

Port of Entry - A port where imported commodities are accepted by the receiving nation.

Port of Loading - A port where the vessel's cargo is loaded, lashed, and stowed.

Prepaid Freight - In general, freight charges for both ocean and air transportation may be paid in advance in the currency of the exporting nation or billed collect to be paid by the consignee in his home currency. However, due to foreign exchange restrictions imposed by the import country or requirements of steamship firms or airlines, freight charges on shipments to some countries must be paid in advance.

Prima Facie - A Latin expression that means "on first appearance" and is widely used in international trade. The courts have ruled that when a steamship company issues a clean bill of lading, it acknowledges that the goods were received "in apparent good order and condition," and that this constitutes prima facie evidence of the conditions of the containers; in other words, if nothing to the contrary is shown, it must be assumed that the cargo was in good condition when it was received by the carrier.
Reefer: A refrigerated trailer, container, or railcar used to move perishable goods.

Ro/Ro (Roll-on/Roll-Off) Vessel - A ship built to carry goods that is loaded and unloaded using rollers. Numerous Ro/Ro ships have space for containers and/or break-bulk cargo.

Route - A recognised route that connects the starting place and the finishing station.

Ship's Manifest - A written document that includes a list of the shipments that make up the ship's cargo.

Shipment - One consignor at one location at one time offered freight to a carrier for delivery to one consignee at one location on one bill of lading.

Shipper - An exporter is referred to by this term (usually the seller).

Short-Shipped - Cargo manifested but not loaded.

Steamship Agent - A properly chosen and authorised agent who represents a steamship line or lines in a given area, handling all issues involving the vessels that belong to his principals.

Steamship Line - The following departments are typically present in a company: vessel operations, container operations, tariff department, booking, outward rates, inward rates, and sales. To handle local sales, operations, or other issues, the business can either keep its own offices there or hire steamship agents to act on their behalf. Some lines have appointed agents in some places and liner offices in others.

Stowage - The practice of loading cargo into a ship in a way that ensures the maximum level of efficiency and safety for both the ship and the cargo it transports.

Strikes, Riots and Civil Commotion's - An insurance provision that covers loss or damage caused by people on strike, locked out workers, those involved in labour unrest, and different types of riots. This risk is not covered by a standard marine insurance policy. Only through endorsement is coverage against it able to be added.

Sue & Labor Cause - A clause in marine insurance that requires the insured to take actions after a loss to stop further losses and to behave in the insurer's best interests.

Tare Weight - The weight of packing and containers without the goods to be shipped.

Tariff - A blanket word for any table of costs or rates. The international cable, radio, and telephone tariffs, as well as the customs tariffs of the various nations that list goods that are duty-free and those that are subject to import duty, giving the rate of duty in each case, are the tariffs that are most frequently encountered in international trade. Customs duties are divided into many categories.

Temperature Controlled Cargo - Any cargo that must be transported at a controlled temperature.
Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) (6.1m). a common measurement used to count containers of various lengths and to express the capacity of container ships or terminals. Two TEUs are equal to a typical 40' container (FEU).

THC (Terminal Handling Charge) - A charge for handling services performed at terminals.

Time Draft - A document that matures after a specified period of time, measured in days either from acceptance or from the draft's creation.

Ton - Depending on the kind of cargo, freight quotes for liner cargo are typically given at a specific rate per tonne. But this tonne might be a measurement or a weight tonne.

Ton-Deadweight - The maximum weight that a ship can carry in terms of people, cargo, fuel, and supplies is expressed in tonnes.

Tracking - A method for tracking the times during which shipments move between points of origin and destinations.

Transshipment - An international trade term for the transfer of a consignment from one carrier to another, most usually from one ship to another. Transshipments are avoided whenever possible since the unloading and reloading of fragile goods may result in damage.

Valuation Charges - Shippers who report a value of goods greater than the value of the carrier's liability limits are subject to additional transportation fees.

Volume Weight - Using the cubic measurement of a shipment as a starting point, the charged weight is calculated. This process is known as international airfreight.

War Risk - The potential hostile measures taken by a belligerent government against a ship and its cargo. A marine policy with a risk clause can cover this danger.

War Risk Insurance - Insurance provided by marine underwriters against expressly mentioned combat operations War risk insurance used to be purchased only during times of conflict, but today many exporters insure the majority of their shipments to protect themselves against losses caused by abandoned torpedoes and floating mines from previous conflicts as well as unanticipated events that could trigger a war. War risk insurance is written in a different policy in the United States than regular marine insurance, so it is best to purchase both policies from the same underwriter to avoid the negative effects of a potential disagreement between underwriters regarding the cause (marine peril or war peril) of a specific loss.

Warehouse Receipt - A receipt listing the commodities that have been deposited at a warehouse. If it solely allows delivery to a specific person or company, it is not negotiable; but, if it is made out to a person, company, or bearer, it is. The property protected by a negotiable warehouse receipt is transferred upon endorsement (without endorsement if made out to bearer) and delivery of the receipt. In international banking, warehouse receipts are a standard kind of documentation.

Warehouse-to-Warehouse - A clause in a maritime insurance policy that, subject to specific restrictions and the law of insurable interest, commits the underwriter to providing coverage for the goods while they are being transported between the place of shipment's origin and their destination. Although the warehouse-to-warehouse clause's terms used to frequently be overridden by maritime extension clauses, they nevertheless hold a lot of weight today.

Weight

Gross - The whole weight of the goods, including any interior or external packaging, wrappings, or containers. overall weight as it was shipped.
Net - The weight of the products alone, excluding any packaging.
Tare - The container's or packaging's weight.
Weight/Measurement Ton: A rate is frequently displayed per weight/measurement tonne, at the carrier's discretion. This means that the rate will be calculated on either a weight tonne or measurement tonne basis, depending on whatever will bring in the most money for the carrier.
Weight Ton: A short tonne is 2000 pounds, and a long tonne is 2240 pounds. A tonne in metric units is equal to 1000 kilogrammes.
Weight Load Factor: The percentage of achieved payload compared to the total capacity. Volume, not weight, typically determines how much cargo can be transported; 100% load factors are infrequently attained.

With Average (WA) - A phrase used in marine insurance that means when damage surpasses a certain percentage, shipment is protected against partial damage.

With Particular Average (WPA) - A word used in insurance that denotes coverage for partial loss or damage to goods. Many clauses stipulate that a minimum amount of damage must occur before payment is made, and often the damage must be brought on by sea water. Depending on the type of cargo, it may be expanded to cover loss due to theft, pilferage, leaking, breakage, or other risks.

W/M - Weight and/or Measurement.

LOGISTICS ABBREVIATIONS

 
A2A
Airport to Airport
AMS
Automated Manifest System
A/R
Accounts Receivable
AWB
Air Waybill
B2B
Back to Back
BAF
Bunker Adjustment Factor
B-L
Bill Of Lading
BM
Branch Manager
C&V
Classification Value
C.O.D
Collect(cash)on Delivery
C/N
Credit Note
C/O
Certificate Of Origin
CAF or CAC
Currency Adjustment Factor
CAR
Commecial Activity Report
CES
Customs Exam Site
CF
Customs Form
CFS
Container Freight Station
CHG.WT
Chargeable Weight
CINV
Commercial Invoice
CLH
Clearing House
COB
Confirmd On Board
CST
Commodity Specialist Team
CY
Container Yard
D/N
Debit Note
D/O
Delivery Order
EDI
Electronic Data Interface
EAP
Enviromental Protection Agency
F&W
Fish& Wild
F2F
Foreign To Foreign
FCL
Full Container Load
FDA
Food&Drug Administration
FIATA
International Federation Of Freight Forwarders
FTL
Full Truck Load
G.O
General Order
GM
Genaral Manager
GSP
Generalized System Of Preferences
H
Height
HAWB
House Air Waybill
H-BL
House Bill Of Lading
HQ
Headquarter
HTS
Harmonized Tarif Schedules
IATA
International Air Transport Association
INV
Invoice
INET
Intranet
IV
Commercial Invoice Value
L
Length
LAN
Local Area Network
LC or L/C
Letter of Credit
LCL
Less Than Container Load
LTL
Less Than Truck Load
MAWB
Master Air Waybill
M-BL
Master Bill Of Lading
MID
Manufacturer Identification Number
MIS
Managed Information Systems
N/A
Not Applicable
NDC
Non-Dutiable Charge
NDV
Non-Dutiable Value
NSM
National Sales Manager
NVOCC
Non-Vessel Operating Common Carrier
O/H
On Hand
O-BL
Original Bill Of Lading
O/D
Overdue
P.O
Purchase Order
PINV
Proforma Invoice
PLT
Pallet
PNC
Preliminary Notice Of Claim
QMR
Quality Management Review
SED
Shippers Export Declaration
SOP
Standart Operating Procedures
UC
Unit Cost
ULD
Unit Loading Device
UN
United Nations
UP
Unit Price
VAT
Value-Added Tax
W
Width
WAN
Wide Area Network
WTO
World Tarde Organization
ZP
Zip Code

CLASSIFICATION AND LABELLING SUMMARY TABLES OF DANGEROUS GOODS

Hazardous materials are chemicals that make transportation risky.
These compounds are all grouped into a few classifications according to their level of danger;

CLASS 1 EXPLOSIVES

1.1 Explosives with a mass explosion hazard

1.2 Explosives with a severe projection hazard
1.3 Explosives with a fire, blast or projection hazard but not with mass explosion hazard.
1.4 Fire or projection hazard
1.5 May explode in fire

Ex: Nitroglycerin

CLASS 2 GASES WHICH ARE COMPRESSED, LIQUEFIED OR DISSOLVED UNDER PRESSURE AS DETAILED BELOW

2.1 FLAMMABLE GAS
Gases which ignite on contact with an ignition source.

Ex: Hydrogen 
2.2 NON-FLAMMABLE GASES
Gases which are neither flammable nor poisonous.

Ex: Oxygen, Nitrogen
2.3 POISONOUS GASES
Gases liable to cause death or serious injury to human health if inhaled.

Ex: Chlorine

CLASS 3 FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS   

3.1 HIGHLY FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS WITH A BOILING POINT BELOW 35°C. 

Ex:Carbon Disulfide

3.2 FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS WITH A FLASHPOINT OF LESS THAN 23°C AND BOILING POINT ABOVE 35°C. 

Ex:Petrol, Acetone 

3.3 LIQUIDS WITH A FLASHPOINT ABOVE 23°C BUT NOT EXCEEDING 61 °C AND A BOILING POINT GREATER THAN 35°C. 

Ex: Kerosene

CLASS 4 FLAMMABLE SOLIDS

4.1 FLAMMABLE SOLIDS WHICH ARE EASILY IGNITED AND READILY COMBUSTIBLE.

Ex: Phosphorus, Matches

4.2 SPONTANEOUSLY COMBUSTIBLE SUBSTANCES. 

Ex: Aluminium Alkyls, White Phosphorus

4.3 SUBSTANCES WHICH EMIT A FLAMMABLE GAS WHEN WET OR REACT VIOLENTLY WITH WATER. 

Ex: Sodium, Calcium Carbide

CLASS 5 OXIDISING AGENTS & ORGANIC PEROXIDES

5.1 OXIDISING AGENTS OTHER THAN ORGANIC PEROXIDES.

Ex:Ammonium Nitrate, Hydrogen Peroxide

5.2 ORGANIC PEROXIDES, EITHER IN LIQUID OR SOLID FORM. 

Ex: Benzoyl Peroxides

CLASS 6 POISONOUS (TOXIC) AND INFECTIOUS SUBSTANCES

6.1A POISONOUS SUBSTANCES WHICH ARE LIABLE TO CAUSE DEATH OR SERIOUS INJURY TO HUMAN HEALTH IF INHALED, SWALLOWED OR BY SKIN ABSORPTION.

Ex:Cyanides, Lead Salts

6.1B TOXIC SUBSTANCES WHICH ARE HARMFUL TO HUMAN HEALTH. 

Ex: Low toxicity pesticides

6.2 BIOHAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES. 

Ex: Pathology specimens.

CLASS 7 RADIOACTIVE SUBSTANCES

Radioactive substances comprise substances or a combination of substances which emit radiation. 

Ex: Uranium, Radioactive substances,

CLASS 8 CORROSIVES SUBSTANCES

Substances which being solids or liquids may harm living tissue or damage equipment. 

8.1 ACIDS

8.2 ALKALI SUBSTANCES

8.3 DIFFERENT CORROSIVE AND CAUSTIC SUBSTANCES

Ex: Hydrochloric Acid

CLASS 9 MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES

Substances which present relatively low hazards. 

Ex: Aersols, Deodorants, Polyester Beads.

COUNTRY
PHONE CODE
 
Afghanistan
93
Albania
355
Algeria
213
American Samoa
1 684
Andorra
376
Angola
244
Anguilla
1 264
Antarctica
672
Antigua and Barbuda
1 268
Argentina
54
Armenia
374
Aruba
297
Australia
61
Austria
43
Azerbaijan
994
Bahamas
1 242
Bahrain
973
Bangladesh
880
Barbados
1 246
Belarus
375
Belgium
32
Belize
501
Benin
229
Bermuda
1 441
Bhutan
975
Bolivia
591
Bosnia and Herzegovina
387
Botswana
267
Brazil
55
British Virgin Islands
1 284
Brunei
673
Bulgaria
359
Burkina Faso
226
Burma (Myanmar)
95
Burundi
257
Cambodia
855
Cameroon
237
Canada
1
Cape Verde
238
Cayman Islands
1 345
Central African Republic
236
Chad
235
Chile
56
China
86
Christmas Island
61
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
61
Colombia
57
Comoros
269
Cook Islands
682
Costa Rica
506
Croatia
385
Cuba
53
Cyprus
357
Czech Republic
420
Democratic Republic of the Congo
243
Denmark
45
Djibouti
253
Dominica
1 767
Dominican Republic
1 809
Ecuador
593
Egypt
20
El Salvador
503
Equatorial Guinea
240
Eritrea
291
Estonia
372
Ethiopia
251
Falkland Islands
500
Faroe Islands
298
Fiji
679
Finland
358
France
33
French Polynesia
689
Gabon
241
Gambia
220
Gaza Strip
970
Georgia
995
Germany
49
Ghana
233
Gibraltar
350
Greece
30
Greenland
299
Grenada
1 473
Guam
1 671
Guatemala
502
Guinea
224
Guinea-Bissau
245
Guyana
592
Haiti
509
Holy See (Vatican City)
39
Honduras
504
Hong Kong
852
Hungary
36
Iceland
354
India
91
Indonesia
62
Iran
98
Iraq
964
Ireland
353
Isle of Man
44
Israel
972
Italy
39
Ivory Coast
225
Jamaica
1 876
Japan
81
Jordan
962
Kazakhstan
7
Kenya
254
Kiribati
686
Kosovo
381
Kuwait
965
Kyrgyzstan
996
Laos
856
Latvia
371
Lebanon
961
Lesotho
266
Liberia
231
Libya
218
Liechtenstein
423
Lithuania
370
Luxembourg
352
Macau
853
Macedonia
389
Madagascar
261
Malawi
265
Malaysia
60
Maldives
960
Mali
223
Malta
356
Marshall Islands
692
Mauritania
222
Mauritius
230
Mayotte
262
Mexico
52
Micronesia
691
Moldova
373
Monaco
377
Mongolia
976
Montenegro
382
Montserrat
1 664
Morocco
212
Mozambique
258
Namibia
264
Nauru
674
Nepal
977
Netherlands
31
Netherlands Antilles
599
New Caledonia
687
New Zealand
64
Nicaragua
505
Niger
227
Nigeria
234
Niue
683
Norfolk Island
672
North Korea
850
Northern Mariana Islands
1 670
Norway
47
Oman
968
Pakistan
92
Palau
680
Panama
507
Papua New Guinea
675
Paraguay
595
Peru
51
Philippines
63
Pitcairn Islands
870
Poland
48
Portugal
351
Puerto Rico
1
Qatar
974
Republic of the Congo
242
Romania
40
Russia
7
Rwanda
250
Saint Barthelemy
590
Saint Helena
290
Saint Kitts and Nevis
1 869
Saint Lucia
1 758
Saint Martin
1 599
Saint Pierre and Miquelon
508
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
1 784
Samoa
685
San Marino
378
Sao Tome and Principe
239
Saudi Arabia
966
Senegal
221
Serbia
381
Seychelles
248
Sierra Leone
232
Singapore
65
Slovakia
421
Slovenia
386
Solomon Islands
677
Somalia
252
South Africa
27
South Korea
82
Spain
34
Sri Lanka
94
Sudan
249
Suriname
597
Swaziland
268
Sweden
46
Switzerland
41
Syria
963
Taiwan
886
Tajikistan
992
Tanzania
255
Thailand
66
Timor-Leste
670
Togo
228
Tokelau
690
Tonga
676
Trinidad and Tobago
1 868
Tunisia
216
Turkey
90
Turkmenistan
993
Turks and Caicos Islands
1 649
Tuvalu
688
Uganda
256
Ukraine
380
United Arab Emirates
971
United Kingdom
44
United States
1
Uruguay
598
US Virgin Islands
1 340
Uzbekistan
998
Vanuatu
678
Venezuela
58
Vietnam
84
Wallis and Futuna
681
West Bank
970
Yemen
967
Zambia
260
Zimbabwe
263
COUNTRY
A2
A3
NUMBER
 
AFGHANISTAN
AF
AFG
004
ALAND ISLANDS
AX
ALA
248
ALBANIA
AL
ALB
008
ALGERIA
DZ
DZA
012
AMERICAN SAMOA
AS
ASM
016
ANDORRA
AD
AND
020
ANGOLA
AO
AGO
024
ANGUILLA
AI
AIA
660
ANTARCTICA
AQ
ATA
010
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
AG
ATG
028
ARGENTINA
AR
ARG
032
ARMENIA
AM
ARM
051
ARUBA
AW
ABW
533
AUSTRALIA
AU
AUS
036
AUSTRIA
AT
AUT
040
AZERBAIJAN
AZ
AZE
031
BAHAMAS
BS
BHS
044
BAHRAIN
BH
BHR
048
BANGLADESH
BD
BGD
050
BARBADOS
BB
BRB
052
BELARUS
BY
BLR
112
BELGIUM
BE
BEL
056
BELIZE
BZ
BLZ
084
BENIN
BJ
BEN
204
BERMUDA
BM
BMU
060
BHUTAN
BT
BTN
064
BOLIVIA
BO
BOL
068
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
BA
BIH
070
BOTSWANA
BW
BWA
072
BOUVETISLAND
BV
BVT
074
BIRAZIL
BR
BRA
076
BRITISH INDIAN OCEAN TERRITORY
IO
IOT
086
BRUNEI DARUSSALAM
BN
BRN
096
BULGARIA
BG
BGR
100
BURKINA FASO
BF
BFA
854
BURUNDI
BI
BDI
108
CAMBODIA
KH
KHM
116
CAMEROON
CM
CMR
120
CANADA
CA
CAN
124
CAPE VERDE
CV
VPV
132
CAYMAN ISLANDS
KY
CYM
136
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
CF
CAF
140
CHAD
TD
TCD
148
CHILE
CL
CHL
152
CHINA
CN
CHN
156
CHRISTMAS ISLANDS
CX
CXR
162
COCOS (KEELING) ISLANDS
CC
CCK
166
COLOMBIA
CO
COL
170
COMOROS
KM
COM
174
CONGO
CG
COG
178
CONGO, THE DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE
CD
COD
180
 
COOK ISLANDS
CK
COK
184
COSTA RICA
CR
CRI
188
COTE D’IVOIRE
CI
CIV
384
CROATIA
HR
HRV
191
CUBA
CU
CUB
192
CYPRUS
CY
CYP
196
CZECH REPUBLIC
CZ
CZE
203
DENMARK
DK
DNK
208
DJIBOUTI
DJ
DJI
262
DOMINICA
DM
DMA
212
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
DO
DOM
214
ECUADOR
EC
ECU
218
EGYPT
EG
EGY
818
EL SALVADOR
SV
SLV
222
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
GQ
GNQ
226
ERITREA
ER
ERI
232
ESTONIA
EE
EST
233
ETHIOPIA
ET
ETH
231
FALKLAND ISLANDS (MALVINAS)
FK
FLK
238
FAROE ISLANDS
FO
FRO
234
FIJI
FJ
FJI
242
FINLAND
FI
FIN
246
FRANCE
FR
FRA
250
FRENCH GUIANA
GF
GUF
254
FRENCH POLYNESIA
PF
PYF
258
FRENCH SOUTHERN TERRITORIES
TF
ATF
260
GAGON
GA
GAB
266
GAMBIA
GM
GMB
270
GEORGIA
GE
GEO
268
GERMANY
DE
DEU
276
GHANA
GH
GHA
288
GIBRALTAR
GI
GIB
292
GREECE
GR
GRC
300
GREENLAND
GL
GRL
304
GRENADA
GD
GRD
308
GUADELOUPE
GP
GLP
312
GUAM
GU
GUM
316
GUATEMALA
GT
GTM
320
GUERNSEY
GG
GGY
831
GUINEA
GN
GIN
324
GUINEA-BISSAU
GW
GNB
624
GUYANA
GY
GUY
328
HAITI
HT
HTI
332
HEARD ISLAND AND MCDONALD ISLANDS
HM
HMD
334
HOLY SEE (VATICAN CITY STATE)
VA
VAT
336
HONDURAS
HN
HND
340
HONG KONG
HK
HKG
344
HUGARY
HU
HUN
348
ICELAND
IS
ISL
352
INDIA
IN
IND
356
INDONESIA
ID
IDN
360
IRAN (ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF)
IR
IRN
364
IRAQ
IQ
IRQ
368
IRELAND
IE
IRL
372
ISLE OF MAN
IM
IMM
833
ISRAEL
IL
ISR
376
ITALY
IT
ITA
380
JAMAICA
JM
JAM
388
JAPON
JP
JPN
392
JERSEY
JE
JEY
832
JORDAN
JO
JOR
400
KAZAKHSTAN
KZ
KAZ
398
KENYA
KE
KEN
404
KIRIBATI
KI
KIR
296
KOREA, DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF
KP
PRK
408
 
KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
KR
KOR
410
KUWAIT
KW
KWT
414
KYRGYZSTAN
KG
KGZ
417
LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
LA
LAO
418
LATVIA
LV
LVA
428
LEBANON
LB
LBN
422
LESOTHO
LS
LSO
426
LIBERIA
LR
LBR
430
LIBYAN ARAB JAMAHIRIYA
LY
LBY
434
LIECHTENSTEIN
LI
LIE
438
LITHUANIA
LT
LTU
440
LUXEMBOURG
LU
LUX
442
MACAO
MO
MAC
446
MACEDONIA, FORMER YUGOSLAV REPUBLIC
MK
MKD
807
MADAGASCAR
MG
MDG
450
MALAWI
MW
MWI
454
MALAYSIA
MY
MYS
458
MALDIVES
MV
MDV
462
MALI
ML
MLI
466
MALTA
MT
MLT
470
MARSHALL ISLANDS
MH
MHL
584
MARTINIQUE
MQ
MTQ
474
MAURITANIA
MR
MRT
478
MAURITIUS
MU
MUS
488
MAYOTTE
YT
MYT
175
MEXICO
MX
MEX
484
MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF
FM
FSM
583
MOLDOVA, REPUBLIC OF
MD
MDA
498
MONACO
MC
MCO
492
MONGOLIA
MN
MNG
496
MONTENEGRO
ME
MNE
499
MONTSERRAT
MS
MSR
500
MOROCCO
MA
MAR
504
MOZANBIQUE
MZ
MOZ
508
MYANMAR
MM
MMR
104
NAMIBIA
NA
NAM
516
NAURU
NR
NRU
520
NEPAL
NP
NPL
524
NETHERLANDS
NL
NLD
528
NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
AN
ANT
530
NEW CALEDONIA
NC
NCL
540
NEW ZEALAND
NZ
NZL
554
NICARAGUA
NI
NIC
558
NIGER
NE
NER
562
NIGERIA
NG
NGA
566
NIUE
NU
NIU
570
NORFOLK ISLAND
NF
NFK
574
NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS
MP
MNP
580
NORWAY
NO
NOR
578
OMAN
OM
OMN
512
PAKISTAN
PK
PAK
586
PALAU
PW
PLW
585
PALESTINIAN TERRITORY, OCCUPIED
PS
PSE
275
PANAMA
PA
PAN
591
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
PG
PNG
598
PARAGUAY
PY
PRY
600
PERU
PE
PER
604
PHILIPPINES
PH
PHL
608
PITCAIRN
PN
PCN
612
POLAND
PL
POL
616
PORTUGAL
PT
PRT
620
PUERTO RICO
PR
PRI
630
QATAR
QA
QAT
634
REUNION
RE
REU
639
ROMANIA
RO
ROU
642
RUSSIAN FEDERATION
RU
RUS
643
RWANDA
RW
RWA
646
SAINT HELENA
SH
SHN
659
SAINT KITTS AND NEWS
KN
KNA
659
SAINT LUCIA
LC
LCA
662
SAINT PIERRE AND MIQUELON
PM
SPM
666
SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
VC
VCT
670
SAMOA
WS
WSM
882
SANMARINO
SM
SMR
674
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
ST
STP
678
SAUDI ARABIA
SA
SAU
682
SENEGAL
SN
SEN
686
SERBIA
RS
SRB
688
SEYCHELLES
SC
SYC
690
SIERRA LEONE
SL
SLE
694
SINGAPORE
SG
SGP
702
SLOVAKIA
SK
SVK
703
SLOVENIA
SI
SVN
705
SOLOMON ISLANDS
SB
SLB
090
SOMALIA
SO
SOM
706